Japan Fertilizer & Ammonia Producers Association
Miyagawa Bldg. 9F, Kanda Sudacho 2-9, Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo 101-0041, Japan
The Japan Urea & Ammonium Sulphate Industry Association and The Japan Phosphatic & Compound Fertilizers Manufacturers' Association merged to form The Japan Fertilizer & Ammonia Producers Association in July, 2003.
Purpose of the association
The Japan Fertilizer & Ammonia Producers Association consists of manufacturers and distributors of fertilizer, fertilizer raw materials, and ammonia and its derived products, who have given consent to the intent of the association. Our main objective is to establish good relationship among the members and to contribute to the expansion of fertilizer and ammonia industries.
Activities of Japan Fertilizer & Ammonia Producers Association
Classification of fertilizers
|* Classification of fertilizers
Fertilizer is classified into organic and inorganic fertilizer ( chemical fertilizer ). Inorganic fertilizer is classified into straight fertilizer ( fertilizer containing single nutrient of nitrogen, phosphate or potassium) and mixed fertilizer ( fertilizer containing more than double nutrients of nitrogen, phosphate or potassium). Compound fertilizer which contains is a form of mixed fertilizer which contain all elements in one granule.
From raw materials to the final products of compound fertilizer
and nitrogen fertilizer
German scientist Lie big proved plants can grow on inorganic nutrients alone and published his first fertilizer book in 1840. In 1842, Lawes of England began to produce superphosphate and soon succeeded in producing ammoniated superphosphate which was an original form of compound fertilizer.
The main nitrogen fertilizer up to early 20th century was sodium nitrate (Chilean saltpeter) discovered in Chile in 1809. However, English scientist Crookes gave his famous speech in 1898 ' As populations grow, the demands for grains would outpace any increase in production as long as we depend on limited resource like such mineral ore. We need to find the way to fix atmospheric nitrogen.' Frank and Caro (German) started to produce calcium cyanamide in Italy in 1906 and then Haber and Bosch succeeded in ammonia synthesis on a commercial basis in 1913, and it was the time modern chemical industry came to blossom.
Manufacturing technology of calcium cyanamide was soon adopted in Japan and Shitagau Noguchi and Joichi Fujiyama established The Japan Nitrogen Fertilizer company in 1908 and started to produce it on a commercial basis in 1909. They also introduced ammonia synthesis technology and succeeded in it in Nobeoka plant in 1923. Ammonia synthesis with domestic technology started in 1918 in the Nitrogen Special Research Institute in the Department of Commerce and Agriculture (changed its name to the Tokyo Industrial Laboratory, and then the Chemical Engineering Research Institute), but we had to wait till 1931 to see it successful.
Ammonia synthesis is the technology to combine atmospheric nitrogen with hydrogen to form ammonia. Hydrogen is essential in this process and fossil fuel is essential to produce hydrogen. Synthesized ammonia is used in the production of compound fertilizer and other fertilizers containing nitrogen.
The technology developed by Haber and Bosch was highly evaluated since nitrogen gas is not directly absorbed in crops.
Lime nitrogen is the world's first atmospheric nitrogen fixation of nitrogen-based fertilizer, which does not use ammonia. Lime nitrogen is produced by making calcium carbide with large quantity of electric power and by reaction with nitrogen.
Frank in Germany invented this process in his laboratory in 1989 and its use as fertilizer started as early as in 1901
and Derived products flowchart
Ammonium sulphate fertilizer and urea fertilizer can be used as straight fertilizer, though in most cases, with phosphate fertilizer and/or potash fertilizer, they are used as raw materials of complex fertilizer such as compound fertilizer.
of ammonia industry (2)
In most cases, production
and consumption of ammonia are within the same plantsite.
By using various kinds of raw materials, we do our best to maintain stable supply and save resources.
depends on materials from foreign countries as is the case with the
other basic materials industries. However, as ammonia is the basis for
many kinds of chemical products in Japan, we diversify materials from
foreign countries and make efficient use of by-product off-gas from
oil finery and other industries to maintain stable supply.
and its derived products
Most of products derived from ammonia are chemical products which have nothing to do with our daily life. However, some of products are controlled by law as they are specified as high-pressure gas, hazardous materials or deleterious substance. The Japan Fertilizer & Ammonia Producers Association has created MSDS written about handling and storing those products and guideline for a warning label on containers to prevent an accident.
Ammonia Aqua Ammonia
Acid Soda Sodium Nitrate
Ammonia (NH3) is colorless gas at normal temperature and changes into white smoke when released into the atmosphere. Ammonia can be liquefied easily when pressurized or cooled, and liquid form of ammonia is called liquid ammonia. The amount of heat it absorbs from surrounding environment when changing from liquid to gas is the greatest next to water and it dissolves various kind of matters.
When ammonia is dissolved in water, it is called aqua ammonia (NH4OH), which is sold in a polyethylene or glass bottle for ordinary users. On the contrary, liquid ammonia is either transported by pipe line or carried by tankship and tanker and sometimes it is put into a cylinder to trade. Because of the explosive property of liquid ammonia when mixed with air or in contact with strong acid, ordinary people rarely see it.
Ammonia is used as a basis to produce various kinds of everyday chemical products. Here are two most popular products of ammonia.
One such kind of product is nylon used for clothing. Nylon is made from caprolactam and ammonia is used as an in-process material. As popular functional plastic, nylon is used for machine parts (a tire cord, a gear and a bearing), auto parts (a bulb for a carburetor, a container for brake fluid), home electric appliances, building materials and medical supplies.
The other kind
of product is acrylonitrile made from ammonia and propylene. Acrylonitrile
is the main raw material of synthetic rubber, which is called acrylic
fiber or NBR. As ABS resin, its properties are hard, strong and easily
shiny-colorable, which makes it possible to meet variety of consumers'
demands such as home electric appliances, interior and exterior of cars,
office automation equipments and housing materials
Ammonia production process
of ammonia industry (1)
is deeply linked with food production by producing fertilizer.
is deeply linked with our daily life by its various products such as
synthetic fiber and resin.